An approach based on the characteristics of the area
Access on the basis of areas – includes a small, socially connected geographically unique territory often characterized by shared traditions, local identity, a sense of belonging or common needs and expectations. This area is a target area for the implementation of rural measures, and the existence of such areas to sustainable development in terms of easier recognition of local strengths and weaknesses, threats and opportunities, internal resources and the identification of major bottlenecks.
Bottom-up approach ("bottom-up approach")
Of all seven elements of Leader is the most important “bottom-up” approach. The “bottom-up” approach means that local actors participate in decision-making regarding strategy and selection of priorities which should be implemented in their local area.
Razvoj lokalnih partnerstava u pristupima i delovanju (Lokalne akcione grupe)
Formulation of local partnership through establishment of „Local Action Group“ (LAG) is the basic and significant characteristic of LEADER/CLLD Programme. LAG’s main task is to identify, formulate, promote and implement Local Development Strategy. LAG structure is dealing with allocation of financial resources related to management of organisation.
Tradition is certainly a basis for sustainable rural development where innovation is necessary in order to apply new and competitive ways in presentation of traditional values. LEADER/CLLD Programme plays an important role in stimulating new and innovative approaches to rural development. It is great freedom and flexibility of LAGs in selection and decision-making of the activities for supporting and fostering innovations.
LEADER/CLLD is not a sectoral development program, however a local development strategy must have a multi–sectoral basis, i.e. integrated activities of several sectors. The actions and projects incorporated in local strategies should be linked and coordinated in a coherent whole. Integration may concern actions conducted in a single sector, all program actions or specific groups of actions, or most importantly, can provide links between different economic, social, cultural, natural factors and sectors in LAG Area.
It is of key importance to share knowledge and experience in today’s modern society and it is necessary to be connected in acting with searching for synergy to be achieved in development processes.
Networking includes the exchange of achievements, experiences and know-how between Leader/CLLD groups, rural areas, government and organizations involved in rural development within the EU, regardless of whether they are or they are not direct Leader beneficiaries. This also applies to the transfer of good practices, dissemination of innovation and development on the basis of knowledge gained in the local rural development. Collaboration goes beyond just networking. It involves a local action group, which has a joint project with another Leader group, or with a group that has a similar approach, in another region, state, EU or other economic unions or even, in a third country.